GLOBAL MOVEMENT FOR A CULTURE OF PEACE: 2000 - ?
The culture of peace, as it had been adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1997, is broader and deeper than traditional concepts of peace; it is conceived as an alternative to the culture of war and violence. The UN resolution stated that a culture of peace was to be based on "respect for human rights, democracy and tolerance, the promotion of development, education for peace, the free flow of information and the wider participation of women". In the 1999 resolution, disarmament was added to this list. The culture of peace thus provides an alternative to the exploitation, authoritarianism, enemy images, military education, secrecy, male domination and war preparations (armies and weapons systems) that are necessary and sufficient for the culture of war and violence. It undercuts the very basis on which war systems have always been built and it provides the basis for a common, universal vision for a peaceful future.
As Director at UNESCO of the International Year for the Culture of Peace, I had the unique opportunity to help launch this global movement against war with the unanimous authorization of the nation states of the world, with the widespread network of UNESCO and the strong support of its Director-General, Federico Mayor.
With the help of the campaign that had engaged the Nobel Peace Laureates, we developed a popular version of the UN resolutions on a culture of peace. The Manifesto 2000 commits each individual to work for a culture of peace in his or her daily life, in schools, family, workplace and community. The diplomatic language for the behavior of states was translated into the language of everyday life, a commitment to:
• respect all life
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