In the seventeen years since 1985 when the first edition of this book was written, there have been many changes in the world. Of particular importance:
With the collapse of the socialist world (under the weight of the nuclear arms race) there has been a decrease in the perceived danger of a nuclear war. I say "perceived" because I fear that we have not escaped from the danger of nuclear war, but that we have only entered into a period of relative calm before the risks mount once again.
There was no new peace movement involving over a million people in the US during the intervening years. However, in much of the rest of the world, more than 75 million people were engaged around the Manifesto 2000 and the United Nations International Year for the Culture of Peace in the Year 2000, extended into the UN International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010).
With these changes in mind, I have decided to add a new and extended section to The American Peace Movements concerning the Global Movement for a Culture of Peace. In a narrow sense this is not part of the American Peace Movements, but I hope to show that it is relevant to the future of the American Peace Movements. In one respect, this direction was foreseen in the final section of the 1985 edition ("The Future of the Peace Movement" ) with the claim that "The future success of the American peace movement depends on its linkages with the growing peace movement in the rest of the world." However, in another respect, it was not foreseen, because the 1985 edition predicted that the leadership for this international peace movement would come from a further growth of the socialist countries, a prediction that did not come to pass.
Hence, in addition to writing a new section on the Global Movement, it has been necessary to revise completely the final section on The Future of the Peace Movement. Furthermore, in the chapter on the root causes of war it is necessary to analyze the key role of the military-industrial complex in the collapse of the socialist countries, something that was not recognized in 1985.
The chapter on the Nuclear Freeze Movement, which was at its peak when the first edition was written in 1985, has been expanded in this new edition to account for important initiatives of people-to-people diplomacy between 1985 and 1990 that played a major role in the bringing the Cold War to a non-violent end.