Prepared by the Culture of Peace Programme of
UNESCO. Edited by David Adams

All requests for further information should be
addressed to: The Director, Culture of Peace
Programme. UNESCO, 7, place de Fontenoy,
75352 Paris 07 SP.

Parts of this text may be freely reproduced
and translated provided that mention is made
of the source.

Artstic concepton and layout:
Susanne Almeida-Klein

Illustrations:Joćo Bonnet (Mozambique, title-
page, 29, 85, 133: Hugo Diaz (Costa Rica), 35
63, 111, 193: Tignous (France), 9, 161, 199.

Printed by EGOPRIM

(c) UNESCO 1995

Printed in France



In the aftermath of World War II, intellec-
tual and diplomatic leaders from around
the world founded UNESCO and gave the
Organization the mandate of building the
defences of peace in the minds of men
and women. It is not enough, they
argued, to base peace upon economic
and political agreements, but it must be
founded upon the intellectual and moral
solidarity of humanity.
Now, as we emerge from the Cold
War, the world needs intellectual and
moral solidarity to shape our priorities
and to inform decisions which are
perhaps more critical than at any previ-
ous moment of history.
On the top of the priorities for action
is a transformation which is perhaps the
most difficult and far reaching in history
- the shift from a culture of war and
violence to a culture of peace. It is a
change which in earlier times would have
been dismissed as utopian. But today,
it can be seen as both feasible and

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