Brain Mechanisms of Aggressive Behavior; An Updated Review
References-4 Page 21

Title page & Abstract
Page 1

Page 2

Page 3

Behavioral Descriptions
Page 4

Motivational Mechanisms
Page 5

Defense Motivational Mechanism
Pages 6-7

Offense Motivational Mechanism
Page 8

Interactions &
Hormone Effects

Page 9

Relations in Hypothalamus
Page 10

Sensory Analyzers of Offense & Patrol/Marking
Page 11

Sensory Analyzers of Familiarity
Page 12

Sensory Analyzers of Defense
Pages 13-14

Motor Patterning Mechanisms
Page 15

Sensory Analyzers for Releasing & Directing Stimuli
Page 16

Testing the Model
Page 17

Acknowledgements & References
Pages 18-19-20-21-22-23-24-25

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Galef, B.G., 1970. Aggression and timidity: Responses to novelty in feral Norway rats. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 70, 370-381.

Gammie, S.C., Nelson, R.J., 2001. cFOS and pCREB activation and maternal aggression in mice. Brain Res. 898, 232-241.

Graeff, F.G., Silveira, M.C.L., Nogueira, R.L., Audi, E.A., Oliveira, R.M.W., 1993. Role of the amygdala and periaqueductal gray in anxiety and panic. Behav. Brain Res. 58, 123-131.

Grant, E.C., Mackintosh , J.H., 1963. A comparison of the social postures of some common laboratory rodents. Behaviour 21, 246- 259.

Gregg, T.R., Siegel, A., 2003. Differential effects of NK1 receptors in the midbrain periaqueductal gray upon defensive rage and predatory attack in the cat. Brain Res. 994, 55-66.

Grossman, S.P., Grossman, L., 1970. Surgical interruption of the anterior or posterior connections of the hypothalamus: effects on aggressive and avoidance behavior. Physiol. Behav. 5,1313-1317.

Haberly, L.B., 2001. Parallel-distributed processing in olfactory cortex: New insights from morphological and physiological analysis of neuronal circuitry. Chem. Senses 26, 551-576.

Halasz, J., Liposits, Z., Kruk, M.R., Haller, J., 2002. Neural background of glucocorticoid dysfunction-induced abnormal aggression in rats: involvement of fear- and stress-related structures. Eur. J. Neurosci. 15, 561-569.

Halpern, M., Martinez-Marcos, A., 2003. Structure and function of the vomeronasal system: an update. Prog. Neurobiol. 70, 245-318.

Hammer, R.P.J., Hori, K.M., Chovanich, P., Blanchard, D.C., Blanchard, R.J., 1990. Opiate, serotonin and benzodiazepine receptor systems in rat brain defense circuits, in: Brain, P.F., Parmigiani, S., Blanchard, R.J., Mainardi, D. (Eds), Fear and defence. Ettore Majorana International life sciences series, Vol. 8. Harwood, London. pp. 201-217.

Hammond, M.A., Rowe, F.A., 1976. Medial preoptic and anterior hypothalamic lesions: influences on aggressive behavior in female hamsters. Physiol. Behav. 17, 507-513.

Hansen, S., 1989. Medial hypothalamic involvement in maternal aggression of rats. Behav. Neurosci. 5, 1035-1046.

Harmon, A.C., Huhman, K.L., Moore, T.O., Albers, H.E., 2002. Oxytocin inhibites aggression in female Syrian hamsters. J. Neuroendocrinol. 14, 963-969.

Harrison, R.J., Connor, D.F., Nowak, C., Nash, K., Melloni, R.H., 2000. Chronic anabolic-androgenic steroid treatment during adolescence increases anterior hypothalamic vasopressin and aggression in intact hamsters. Psychoneuroendocrinology 25, 317-338.

Hayden-Hixson, D.M., Ferris, C.F., 1991. Steroid-specific regulation of agonistic responding in the anterior hypothalamus of male hamsters. Physiol. Behav. 50, 793-799.

Joppa, M.A., Rowe, R.K., Meisel, R.L., 1997. Effects of serotonin 1A or 1B receptor agonists on social aggression in male and female Syrian hamsters. Pharm. Biochem. Behav. 58, 349-353.

Kanki, J.P., Adams, D.B., 1978. Ventrobasal thalamus necessary for visually-released defensive boxing of rat. Physiol. Behav. 21, 7-12.

Keay, K.A., Clement, C.I., Depaulis, A., Bandler, R., 2001. Different representations of inescapable noxious stimuli in the periaqueductal gray and upper cervical spinal cord of freely moving rats. Neurosci. Lett. 313, 17-20.

Kemble, E.D., Blanchard, D.C., Blanchard, R.J., Takushi, R., 1984. Taming in wild rats following medial amygdaloid lesions. Physiol. Behav. 32, 131-134.

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