Brain Mechanisms of Aggressive Behavior; An Updated Review
References-8 Page 25

Title page & Abstract
Page 1

Page 2

Page 3

Behavioral Descriptions
Page 4

Motivational Mechanisms
Page 5

Defense Motivational Mechanism
Pages 6-7

Offense Motivational Mechanism
Page 8

Interactions &
Hormone Effects

Page 9

Relations in Hypothalamus
Page 10

Sensory Analyzers of Offense & Patrol/Marking
Page 11

Sensory Analyzers of Familiarity
Page 12

Sensory Analyzers of Defense
Pages 13-14

Motor Patterning Mechanisms
Page 15

Sensory Analyzers for Releasing & Directing Stimuli
Page 16

Testing the Model
Page 17

Acknowledgements & References
Pages 18-19-20-21-22-23-24-25

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Ursin, H., 1965. The effect of amygdaloid lesions on flight and defense behavior in cats. Exp. Neurol. 11, 61-79.

Ursin, H., Blanchard, D.C., Blanchard, R., Ursin, R., 1981. Flight and defense in cats with septal lesions. Bull. Psychonom. Soc. 17, 206-208.

Vergnes, M., Depaulis, A., Boehrer, A., Kempf, E., 1988. Selective increase of offensive behavior in the rat following intrahypothalamic 5,7-DHT-induced serotonin depletion. Behav. Brain Res. 29, 85-91.

Vianna, D.M.L., Graeff, F.G., Landeira-Fernandez, J., Brandao, M.L., 2001. Lesion of the Ventral Periaqueductal Gray reduces conditioned fear but does not change freezing induced by stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal gray. 8, 164-169.

Vivian, J.A., Miczek, K.A., 1999. Interactions between social stress and morphine in the periaqueductal gray: effects on affective vocal and reflexive pain responses in rats. Psychopharmacology 146, 153-161.

Vochteloo, J.D., Koolhaas, J.M., 1987. Medial amygdala lesions in male rats reduce aggressive behavior - Interference with experience. Physiol. Behav. 41, 99-102.

Walletschek, W., Raab, A., 1982. Spontaneous activity of dorsal raphe neurons during defensive and offensive encounters in the tree-shrew. Physiol. Behav. 28, 697-705.

Wood, R.I., Newman, S.W., 1995. Androgen and estrogen-receptors coexist within individual neurons in the brain of the Syrian-hamster. Neuroendocrinology 62, 487-497.

Yajima, Y., Hayashi, Y., Yoshii, N., 1982. Ambiguus moto-neurons discharging closely associated with ultrasonic vocalization in rats. Brain Res. 238, 445-450.

Yokosuka, M., Matsuoka, M., Ohtani-Kaneko, R., Iigo, M., Hara, M., Hirata, K., Ichikawa, M., 1999. Female-soiled bedding induced Fos immunoreactivty in the ventral part of the premammillary nucleus (PMv) of the male mouse. Physiol. Behav. 68, 257-261.

Zook, J.M., Adams, D.B., 1975. Competitive fighting in the rat. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 88, 418-423.

van den Berg, M.M., ter Horst, G.J., Koolhaas, J.M., 1983. The nucleus premammillaris ventralis (PMV) and aggressive behavior in the rat. Aggress. Behav. 9, 41-47.

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