The Aggression Systems
Preface Page 2

Table of Contents


Preface Pages 1 - 2


Human aggression - introduction Pages 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8


Evolution of aggression - introduction Pages  9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14


Brain mechanisms of aggression - introduction Pages 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20


Dynamics of aggression - introduction Pages 21 - 22 - 23


Whereas in animals the changes in aggression systems over time may be described in terms of biological evolution, in humans the changes have been cultural in nature, and could be characterized as "revolutionary" rather than evolutionary. No attempt has been made in the present book to survey this cultural development. It is noted, however, in the paper on Why There Are So Few Women Warriors that there are laws of institutional interaction and contradiction that determine the development of human behavior. In another work, The History of the Culture of War (added in 2009), I engage in a closer examination of these historical, institutional processes.

The brain mechanisms of aggression must be known in order to understand the evolution and dynamics of aggression. We have made considerable progress in this research over the years, but obviously there is much yet to be done. Unfortunately, there seem to be very few laboratories and scientists who are investigating it in recent years.

Finally, it is important that we not be fooled by a static picture of the mechanisms of aggression into believing that such a picture can explain its dynamic mode of operation. Instead, it is necessary that we constantly inquire into the dynamic operation of aggression systems from the most rapid to the most prolonged types of changes. The final section is devoted to this inquiry.

Short Beach, CT, 2001

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