Brain Mechanisms of Aggressive Behavior; An Updated Review
References-7 Page 24

Title page & Abstract
Page 1

Page 2

Page 3

Behavioral Descriptions
Page 4

Motivational Mechanisms
Page 5

Defense Motivational Mechanism
Pages 6-7

Offense Motivational Mechanism
Page 8

Interactions &
Hormone Effects

Page 9

Relations in Hypothalamus
Page 10

Sensory Analyzers of Offense & Patrol/Marking
Page 11

Sensory Analyzers of Familiarity
Page 12

Sensory Analyzers of Defense
Pages 13-14

Motor Patterning Mechanisms
Page 15

Sensory Analyzers for Releasing & Directing Stimuli
Page 16

Testing the Model
Page 17

Acknowledgements & References
Pages 18-19-20-21-22-23-24-25

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Potegal, M., Ferris, C.F., 1989. Intraspecific aggression in male hamsters is inhibited by intrahypothalamic vasopressin-receptor antagonist. Aggres. Behav. 15, 311-320.

Potegal, M., Ferris, C.F., Hebert, M., Meyerhoff, J., Skaredoff, L., 1996a. Attack priming in female Syrian golden hamsters is associated with a c-fos-coupled process within the corticomedial amygdala. Neuroscience 75, 869-880.

Potegal, M., Hebert, M., DeCoster, M., Meyerhoff, J.L., 1996b. Brief, high-frequency stimulation of the corticomedial amygdala induces a delayed and prolonged increase of aggressiveness in male Syrian golden hamsters. Behav. Neurosci. 110, 401-412.

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Roeling, T.A.P., Veening, J.G., Kruk, M.R., Peters, J.P.W., Vermelis, M.E.J., Nieuwenhuys, R., 1994. Efferent connections of the hypothalamic "aggression area" in the rat. Neuroscience 59, 1001-1024.

Sandner, G., Schmitt, P., Karli, P., 1979. Central gray and medial hypothalamic stimulation: correlation between escape behavior and unit activity. Brain Res. 170, 459-474.

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Sandner, G., Schmitt, P., Karli, P., 1986. Unit activity alterations induced in the mesencephalic periaqueductal gray by local electrical stimulation. Brain Res. 386, 53-63.

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Schmitt, P., Carrive, P., Di Scala, G., Jenck, F., Brandao, M., Bagri, A., Moreau, J-L., Sandner, G., 1986. A neuropharmacological study of the periventricular neural substrate involved in flight. Behav. Brain Res 22, 181-190.

Scordalakes, E.M., Rissman, E.F., 2004. Aggression and arginine vasopressin immunoreactivity regulation by androgen receptor and estrogen receptor alpha. Genes Brain Behav. 3, 20-26.

Scott, J.P., 1966. Agonistic behavior of mice and rats: A review. Am. Zoolog. 6, 683-701.

Sgoifo, A., Stilli, D., Musso, E., Mainardi, D., Parmigiana, S., 1992. Offensive and defensive bite-target topographies in attacks by lactating rats. Aggress. Behav. 17, 47-52.

Shaikh, M.B., Schubert, K., Siegel, A., 1994. Basal amygdaloid facilitation of midbrain periaqueductal gray elicited defensive rage behavior in the cat is mediated through NMDA receptor. Brain Res. 635, 187-195.

Shaikh, M.B., deLanerolle, N.C., Siegel, A., 1997. Serotinin 5-HT1A and 5-HT2/1C receptors in the midbrain periaqueductal gray differentially modulate defensive rage behavior elicited from the medial hypothalamus of the cat. Brain Res. 765, 198-207.

Shehab, S., Simkins, M., Dean, P., Redgrave, P., 1995a. The dorsal midbrain anticonvulsant zone - I. Effects of locally administered excitatory amino acids or bicuculline on maximal electroshock seizures. Neuroscience 65, 671-679.

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